Science of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (FY2011- )

Program Supervisor

YAMAGATA Zentaro

Professor, Department of Health Sciences, Basic Science for Clinical Medicine,
Division of Medicine, Graduate School Department of Interdisciplinary Research,
University of Yamanashi

Today Japan is experiencing a population decline as well as the aging of its society with the decrease in the birthrate. Moreover, fiscal conditions are tight. In this context, Japan will be able to continue to achieve steady development in the future only if it pursues innovation through the advancement of science and technology. However, in recent years?and especially since the Great East Japan Earthquake?science and technology as well as its researchers have been viewed harshly. Critics say that, despite the vast amount of funds invested in R&D, the outcomes are not helping to resolve the challenges that society faces.

Indeed, in science, technology and innovation (STI) policy to date, problems have been encountered not infrequently. Sometimes R&D investment has been made without adequate objective evidence. Other times, although great insights have been gained through basic research, the research outcomes have not been applied in an effective fashion so that they lead to innovations or the creation of systems to resolve challenges and advance society. Yet other times, outstanding policy ideas have been conceived, but they have not been implemented due to insufficient communication with the public. The root cause of this was the absence of clear, evidence-based methods to create STI policy.

To remedy this situation, our program aims to develop methods to formulate the following kinds of policies;

  • Policies that will lead to the resolution of real challenges by advancing the basic research and applying the research outcomes to the challenges and
  • Policies that will promote the innovation of society by drawing on basic research.

In this endeavor, it will be critical

  • To design a multistage process from basic research, to social application of outcomes, to evaluation of that application;
  • To develop methods for measuring the economic and social impact of R&D investment;
  • To build an effective research framework to form policies based on objective evidence; and
  • To ensure proper communication among policy makers, the scientific community and the public in order to promote the application of research findings in society.

This program is diverse in content and is expected to produce more concrete proposals. We look forward to seeing outstanding proposals with flexible thinking that deserves " Science of STI policy".

Objective of the Program

To contribute over the medium to long term to evidence-based policy formation in the area of STI through the following approaches;

  • Promoting R&D projects on new analytic methodologies, models, data-systematization tools and aggregate indicators that can be used in actual policy,
  • Increasing the number of researchers who work on this challenge in a wide range of disciplines and interdisciplinary fields, and expanding the community network through public relations and dialogue on the activities.

Targeted R&D Projects

This program targets R&D on methodologies and indicators in the four categories below (including projects that address them in a multidisciplinary or comprehensive way)
Outcomes of R&D projects will be sought that can be used in forming actual policies of the national and local governments or in making policy proposals of various actors.

  • Designing and implementing of a strategic framework for forming overall STI policy;
  • Measuring the social and economic impact of R&D investment and making it visible to the public
  • Assessing and designing optimal system (organization, framework, etc) for promoting STI policy, and the impact of the system on the STI process; and
  • Designing and implementing dialogue to promote the participation of members of society in STI policy formulation

R&D Projects

Projects Phase 2

*Affiliations and positions are those that applied at the completion of the project.

FY2020

Good Governance Practice for Research Integrity Policies through Electric Laboratory Notebook Implementation Guidelines
IIMURO Satoshi
(Vice Director & Professor, Innovation and Research Support Center, International University of Health and Welfare)

2020.10~2024.3

Study on the past failure of healthcare IT policies in Japan and the foundation of policy guidelines toward 2020s
OKUMURA Takashi
(Professor, School of Regional Innovation and Social Design Engineering, Kitami Institute of Technology)

2020.10~2024.3

Development and Implementation of Consensus Building Method for Policies on Balanced Conservation, Agriculture and Forestry
KOHSAKA Ryo
(Professor, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University)

2020.10~2024.3

Feasibility Assessment and Contribution to the Policy Making of Participatory Systems by Visualizing Ecosystem Services
NODA Keigo
(Associate Professor, Faculty of Applied Biological Sciences, Gifu University)

2020.10~2024.3

Development of Online consensus building methodology and implementation in policy process with encouraging a sense of ownership over climate change by Civic Tech
BABA Kenshi
(Professor, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Tokyo City University)

2020.10~2024.3

FY2019

Research on scientific evidence based policy making process for infrastructure management
KAITO Kiyoyuki
(Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering, Department of Global Architecture, Osaka University)

2019.10-2023.3

Systematization of clinical knowledge for developmental disability support based on open science type research
KUMA Hitomi
(Co-founder, Human Resource Development Division, NPO ADDS)

2019.10-2023.3

Forecasting of Social Impact by 'Atsumi' Analysis of Research Capability and Development of Policy Assessment Methods
KOIZUMI Amane
(Project Professor, Center for Novel Science Initiatives (CNSI), National Institutes of Natural Sciences)

2019.10-2023.3

An Evaluation of Social Acceptance and Value Creation for Science, Technology, and Innovation
TAKASHIMA Ryuta
(Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Administration, Faculty of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science)

2019.10-2023.3

Developing data ethics standards for responsible innovation
YOKONO Megumu
(Associate Professor, School of Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, WASEDA University)

2019.10-2023.3

FY2018

Research on Constructing Open Data for Policies to Reduce Child Poverty
ABE Aya
(Professor, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University)

2018.10-2022.3

Healthcare Innovation driven by Effective Hospital-bed Reductions and Urban Planning
ITO Yukiko
(Professor, College of Policy Studies, Tsuda University)

2018.10-2022.3

The construction of a commons utilizing ICT to generate evidence for medical policy
KATO Kazuto
(Professor, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University)

2018.10-2022.3

Biology-informed, family-friendly policies against declining birth rate in Japan
KURODA Kumi
(Principal Investigator, Laboratory for Affiliative Social Behavior, RIKEN Center for Brain Science)

2018.10-2022.3

FY2017

System design to introduce energy-saving equipment for reinforcement of resilience
UEMICHI Akane
(Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo)

2017.10-2022.3

A Metasystem Approach to Regulatory Rule Making on Advanced Medicine
KANO Shingo
(Associate Professor, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo)

2017.10-2021.9

Star Scientists and Innovation in Japan
MAKI Kanetaka
(Professor, Waseda Business School)

2017.10-2021.3

An analysis of the factors that influence women and girls to pursue physics and mathematics
YOKOYAMA Hiromi M
(Professor, Kavli IPMU, The University of Tokyo)

2017.10-2021.3

FY2016

Research on description and interpretation of evidence in policy process
KAJIKAWA Yuya
(Professor, School of Environment and Society, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

2016.12-2020.3

Proactionary approach for ELSI in emerging biomedical research
MINARI Jusaku
(Project Associate Professor, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University)

2016.12-2020.3

Assessing Regenerative Medicine in Japan: an interdisciplinary approach
YASHIRO Yoshimi
(Professor, Kanagawa University of Human Services)

2016.12-2020.3

Projects Phase 1

*Affiliations and positions are those that applied at the completion of the project.

FY2014

Frame I

Development of Benchmarks of the Quality of Prior Art Search in International Patent Prosecution Processes
WADA Tetsuo
(Professor, Faculty of Economics, Gakushuin University)

2014.10-2017.9
Frame II

Establishment of Methodology and Database for Life Cycle- Based Environmental Assessment and Installation to the Society for the Promotion of Green Procurement
ITSUBO Norihiro
(Professor, Faculty of Environmental Management, Tokyo City University)

2014.10-2017.9

Innovation in Evidence-Informed Policy Making: Through Visualizing and Re-designing Social Systems for Countermeasures against Regional Disparity in Healthcare Quality
IMANAKA Yuichi
(Professor, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University)

2014.10-2017.9

Realizing Policymaking Process of Infectious Disease Control using Mathematical Modeling Techniques
NISHIURA Hiroshi
(Professor, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University)

2014.10-2017.9

Development of the Evidence-Base for Advanced Risk Management of Living Spaces
MIKAMI Yoshiki
(Professor/Director, Research Center of Safe and Secure Society, Nagaoka University of Technology)

2014.10-2017.9

FY2013

Frame I

Action Research for Realizing Innovation with Infometric Approach
KAJIKAWA Yuya
(Associate Professor ,School of Environment and Society, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

2013.10-2016.9
Frame II

A Study on Methods for Objective/Quantitative Assessment of the Impact of Satellite Observations on Environmental Policy
KASAI Yasuko
(Executive Researcher, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT))

2013.10-2016.9

Scenario Planning for Making Regulatory Policies and Technical Standards in Advanced Medicine
KANO Shingo
(Associate Professor, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo)

2013.10-2016.9

Resilience Analysis for Social Safety Policy
FURUTA Kazuo
(Professor / DirectorResilience Engineering Research Center, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo)

2013.10-2016.9

FY2012

Framework for Broad Public Engagement in STI Policy (PESTI)
KANO Kei
(Associate Professor, Faculty of education, Shiga University / Science Communication Group, WPI-iCeMS, Kyoto University)

2012.10-2015.9

Development of the Case-Based Reasoning System for Regional Science and Technology Policy
NAGATA Akiya
(Director/Professor, Center for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Studies, Kyushu University)

2012.10-2015.9

Economic Growth Analysis of Science, Technology, and Innovation Policies
NIREI Makoto
(Associate Professor, Institute of Innovation Research,Hitotsubashi University)

2012.10-2015.9

Resource Logistics as a Support Tool of Science,Technology and Innovation Policy Decision
MATSUBAE Kazuyo
(Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University)

2012.10-2015.9

Conservation and Energy Utilization of Water as Common Resources for Leading Innovation
AMANO Yoshihiko
(Professor, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University)

2012.10-2015.9

FY2011

Development of Methods for Impact Assessment of Electric Power Innovation and R&D Network Evaluation
AKIYAMA Taro
(Professor, Center for Economics Growth Strategy, Yokohama National University)

2011.11-2014.10

Scientometrics Conducive to Management of Funding Programs
SHIRABE Masashi
(Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

2011.11-2014.10

Methodology Development for Visualization and Quantification of Social Expectation to Science Technology
TAMAMURA Masatoshi
(Associate Professor, Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University)

2011.11-2014.10

Research on Scientific Sources of Innovations and Economic Impacts of Science
NAGAOKA Sadao
(Professor, Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University)

2011.11-2014.10

Integrating Joint Fact-finding into Policy-Making Processes (IJff)
MATSUURA Masahiro
(Graduate School of Public Policy, The University of Tokyo)

2011.11-2014.10

Study of Innovation Strategies Conducive to Creating Future Industries
YAMAGUCHI Eiichi
(Professor, Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies in Human Survivability, Kyoto University

2011.11-2014.10

Frame I : Supply more useful evidence for ST&I policy-making/Originality and uniqueness
Frame II : Targeting to solution for specific social issues/Containing of varied phases from S&T research to discussion on institution setting in order to realize innovation

International Forum 'Grand Challenges for Innovating Policy-Forming Process ~The Initiative for Development of "Science of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy"

JST/RISTEX co-organized the international forum 'Grand Challenges for Innovating Policy-Forming Process ~The Initiative for Development of "Science of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy" with MEXT, NISTEP and JST/CRDS at MEXT Lecture hall on June 22, 2011.

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