[Computing Frontiers] Pioneering Research on Computing Frontiers

Strategic Objective

Creating Technology for Computing Revolution for Society 5.0

Research Supervisor

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Koji Inoue (Professor, Faculty of Information Science and Electrical Engineering, Kyushu University)

Overview

 To realize a super-smart society and to maintain its sustainability, dramatic and continuous advancement of computer systems as bases of information processing platforms is essential. However, we are facing a critical issue that may limit the technological development, i.e., transistors will stop shrinking in the near future. Therefore, new concepts and technologies are required for the evolvement of computer systems.
 In this research area, we aim to develop innovative computing technologies that do not depend on the transistor shrinking. Since super-smart societies tend to have considerable dynamism, we need to construct next-generation computer systems by sensing social changes and technological advances, forecasting the future, and optimizing various tradeoffs. From this perspective, we are aiming for ideal features of next-generation computer systems from various aspects such as performance improvement, cost reduction, power consumption reduction, safety enhancement, high reliability, and enhancement of operability.
 Our research subjects include the following contents: 1) the establishment of novel super-efficient computing technologies based on cross-layer co-designs targeting circuits, architectures, system software, programming, algorithms, applications, etc., 2) the creation of new computing technologies that are different from the traditional digital CMOS processing, and 3) the exploration of new computing principles and models. Finally, we aim to contribute to the construction of information processing platforms for enabling the embodiment of sustainable super-smart societies. Through our research activities, we expect that world-leading young researchers are produced.

Research Area Advisors

Takashi Kohno Professor, Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo
Masaki Gondo CTO, eSOL, Co.,Ltd.
Atsuko Takefusa Associate Professor, Information Systems Architecture Sciences Research Division, National Institute of Informatics
Yoshio Tanaka Information Security Department, The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
Tadahiro Taniguchi Professor, College of Information Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University
Kaoru Chujo Executive Director, FUJITSU LIMITED
Yasuhiko Nakashima Professor/Deputy Director, Graduate School of Science and Technology, NARA Institute of Science and Technology
Makoto Naruse Professor, Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo
Masaaki Maezawa Researcher, Center for Excellence in Superconducting Electronics, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology
Takashi Miyamori General Manager, Center for Semiconductor Research & Development, Toshiba Electronic Devices & Storage Corporation

Research Supervisor’s Policy on Call for Application, Selection, and Management of the Research Area

1. Background

 Computer systems as information processing infrastructures are entering a significant turning point. As the big-data processing and AI processing are spreading feverishly and the IoT devices are permeating rapidly in the social environment, the requirements that should be satisfied by computer systems (high performance, low cost, low power consumption/low energy consumption, safety, reliability, etc.) have been diversifying and growing. Meanwhile, as one-chip microprocessor was developed for the first time at the beginning of the 1970’s, computer systems have been evolving rapidly based on the transistor shrinking. Since Moore’s Law is on the verge of its termination owing to the economic and physical limitations, however, the gap between the needs and the seeds in relation to computer systems may be expanding rapidly. Therefore, innovative computing technologies are strongly anticipated for developing sustainable super-smart societies.

2. Proposals in This Invitation Program

 With such circumstances considered, we aim to pioneer in computing frontiers. We invite researchers to develop new proposals for leading and challenging the studies that may lead to the creation of new computer systems and applications of such technologies. From the beginning of the PRESTO project, we expect young researchers to be the pioneers in developing new fields and topics and become a worldwide leader in their proposed fields. Our major research subjects include the establishment of super-efficient computing technologies involving circuits, architectures, system software, programming, algorithms, applications, etc. (not required to cover all the layers), the creation of new computing technologies that are different from the traditional digital CMOS processing, and other proposals for novel computing principles and/or concepts that are different from the existing ones. We also welcome the proposals for computing technologies based on new orientations, ideas, and fields that are outside of the abovementioned. Also, we sincerely welcome the researchers not only from the fields of computer engineering or computation science but also young researchers from other areas (such as mathematics, physics, biology, etc.). In the proposal, the participant must provide the various requirements that should be fulfilled by next-generation information processing platforms to support the super-smart society in the future (e.g., high performance, low cost, low power consumption/low energy consumption, enhancement in safety, high reliability, enhancement of operability, etc.), organize the trends of the technologies in and outside the country, and clarify the tasks that you will undertake. Subsequently, the participant must present a proposal for novel solutions. In addition, it is required that the participant consider a generalization of proposed technologies as much as possible. In addition to the abovementioned, we also welcome the proposals for new device technologies. If you are planning for such proposals, illustrate the image of the computer system that is based on the use of such device, and present a scenario that can describe the application of the new computing technology. Presented below are some of the keywords that can represent the research fields we welcome; however, we do not intend to impose any limitation. The research period is three-and-a-half years or shorter, and the upper limit of the research funds in our budget is 40 million yen in total (excluding indirect expenses).


【** computing (where the asterisks (**) represent any of the following words)] parallel, distributed, cloud, edge, heterogeneous, domain-specific, in-memory, near-memory, reconfigurable, digital-analog, approximate, stochastic/probabilistic, intermittent, dependable, secure, neural network, neuromorphic, brain, wearable, nano-photonic, superconducting, quantum, biological, etc.

[System layers in the scope of studies] circuit, architecture, compiler, OS, virtual machine, algorithm, system control, etc.

[Processing in the scope of computing] general-purpose processing, real-time processing, big data processing, database processing, AI processing, optimization processing, Ising processing, graph processing, media processing, science technology calculation, large-scale simulation, etc.

3. Endeavors Provided in This Research Area after Proposals Are Adopted

 We expect that the young researchers who participate in this PRESTO project will expand their networks in and outside the country as individual researchers and develop themselves as world leaders in the future. Therefore, we are willing to provide the support for the proposals and their implementations that may lead to the development of theses at world-class international conferences. In addition, we will provide the opportunities for discussions with young researchers in and outside the country as well as with participants from visiting universities, colleges, and corporations overseas. We, in this research field as a whole, will take an active part in the communications and exchanges with researchers and parties abroad. Moreover, we are fully invested in providing the support for the collaboration among the young researchers whose proposals have been adopted in this research area. We sincerely invite researchers to proactively take advantage of this PRESTO research project to expand their fields of research.

Research Projects

  1. Year Started : 2018
  2. Year Started : 2019

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