The Moonshot Research and Development Program launched by the Cabinet Office(CAO) promotes high-risk, high-impact R&D aiming to achieve ambitious Moonshot Goals and solve issues facing future society such as super-aging populations and global warming.

Deciding the Moonshot Goals

The Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CSTI) [Moonshot Goal 1-6] and the Headquarters for Healthcare Policy [Moonshot Goal 7] determined the Moonshot Goals.

Research Promotion Scheme

To achieve the Moonshot Goals the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), and Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) have created concepts for ambitious R&D. The Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), Bio-Oriented Technology Research Advancement Institution (NARO-BRAIN), and Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED) are responsible for running the program using multi-year funding to support this ambitious R&D.

Please note that this website describes R&D being promoted by JST.
As for R&D being promoted by other funding agencies, please refer to their respective websites.

JST’s R&D Promotion System

The general management of JST’s Moonshot R&D is supervised by the Governing Committee organized by JST. Each goal is managed by its respective Program Director (PD), appointed by JST to achieve their MS Goal and realize the R&D concept.

The PDs select and advise Project Managers (PMs) for individual R&D projects, strategically construct portfolios*, decide which projects to start after refinement, and conduct project evaluations. The PDs do this with the advice of external experts assigned by JST.

*Portfolio refers to a management plan combining R&D projects and assessing the distribution of resources.

Under each PD, PMs advance their own R&D projects and use backcasting** techniques to direct their projects towards achieving the relevant MS Goal.

** Envisioning the ideal future scenario through the framework of the Moonshot Goals and working backwards to assess the steps necessary for its achievement.

JST has also established subcommittees for the cross-sectoral supports, including Mathematical Sciences Subcommittee, ELSI (Ethical, Legal and Social Issues) Subcommittee, etc.

Governing Committee

*1 Chair *2 Sub-chair

FUJINO Yozo *1 President, Josai University
WATANABE Katsuaki *2 Former President, Toyota Motor Corporation
ASAI Shojiro Adviser, Rigaku Corporation
EMURA Katsumi NEC Fellow, NEC Corporation
OHASHI Tetsuji Chairman of the board, Komatsu Ltd.
SAKAKI Hiroyuki Managing Director, Toyota School Foundation
FUKAMI Kiyoko Professor, The School of Life Sciences, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science

Cross-sectoral Function

* Chair

Mathematical Sciences Subcommittee
WAKAYAMA Masato * Vice President, Tokyo University of Science
KOKUBU Hiroshi Professor, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University
TSUBOI Takashi Professor, Department of Mathematical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Musashino University
NISHIURA Yasumasa Professor Emeritus, Hokkaido University
ELSI Subcommittee
KOBAYASHI Tadashi * Specially Appointed Professor, Center for the Study of CO*Design, Osaka University
SHISHIDO George Professor, The Graduate Schools for Law and Politics, The University of Tokyo
TAKEDA Yasushi Senior Manager, External Relations Division, NEC Corporation
DEGUCHI Yasuo Professor, Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University
FUJIGAKI Yuko Professor, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo

Program Director (PD)

Figure: R&D Promotion System

JST’s R&D Promotion System