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Establishment of Cryo-bank System for Vietnamese Native Pig Resources and Sustainable Production System to Conserve Bio-diversity Protecting Rare Breeds of Pig with a Gene Bank System

Principal Investigator (Affiliation)
  • SDGs15
Advanced Researcher
KIKUCHI Kazuhiro
(Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, NARO (National Agriculture and Food Research Organization) (NIAS))
Research Institutions in Japan NARO (National Agriculture and Food Research Organization) (NIAS) / Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, NARO (National Agriculture and Food Research Organization) (NILGS) National Institute of Animal Health, NARO (National Agriculture and Food Research Organization) (NIAH) / Tokushima University / Itochu Feed Mills Co., Ltd. (IFM)
Research Institutions in Vietnam National Institute of Animal Science (NIAS) / Institute of Biotechnology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (IBT, VAST) / Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA), etc.
Adoption fiscal year FY 2014
Research Period 5 Years
ODA Recipient Country Socialist Republic of VietnamSocialist Republic of Viet Nam
General Description of the Research Project

Discovering and maintaining native Vietnamese varieties using up-to-date breeding techniques
There are many valuable breeds of pig in Vietnam, but many native Vietnamese varieties are at risk of extinction as economic development has resulted in the introduction of foreign breeds. Some native varieties are expected to include lines suitable as animal hosts for the production of organs for xenotransplantation into human recipients, and there is conjecture that other breeds with useful traits may still be undiscovered. In order to protect these rare breeds as pig germplasm, the project is creating a cryogenic gene bank (cryo-bank) system that stores sperm, oocytes, fertilized oocytes, etc., and promotes their utilization.

Potential boost to regenerative medicine using iPS cells
Many pigs retain gene sequences that derive from certain strains of virus, so the problem of infection must be overcome in order for organs grown inside pigs to be used for transplantation into humans. However, in 2015, it was discovered that there may exist lines of pigs possessing few of these sequences. The discovery or generation of pigs for which there is no concern of viral infection would be a significant contribution to medical advances.

Photo gallery
Ban breed of miniature pigs being raised by farmers in Dà Bắc
Ban breed of miniature pigs being raised by farmers in ?a B?c

Ban breed of miniature pigs being raised by farmers in Dà Bắc

Visiting farmers in the Dà Bắc District of Hoa Binh Province

Visiting farmers in the Dà Bắc District of Hoa Binh Province

Visiting facilities at an artificial insemination center in Hoa Binh Province

Visiting facilities at an artificial insemination center in Hoa Binh Province

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