Project Details

JST HOME SATREPS HOME ProjectsEnvironment/Energy (Global‐scale environmental issues)

Main content

Environment/Energy (Global‐scale environmental issues)

  • SDGs17
Principal Investigator (Affiliation) 日本 Specially Appointed Prof.
MIURA Koichi
(Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University)
タイ Vice-Rector
Bundit Fungtammasan
(King Mongkut's University of Technology, Thonburi)
Research Institutions in Japan Kyoto University / Akita University / Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry / Kobe Steel, Ltd.
Research Institutions in Thailand The Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (JGSEE-KMUTT) / PTT Public Company Limited
Adoption fiscal year FY 2013
Research Period 5 Years
ODA Recipient Country Kingdom of Thailand
General Description of the Research Project

New solvent treatment can easily convert lignite and rice straw into useful materials
In Thailand and other Southeast Asian nations, efficient use of low-grade carbon resources, such as brown coal (lignite) and various types of biomass waste, is an urgent issue. This project aims to achieve efficient dewatering and upgrading of low-grade carbon resources by treating them with solvents under mild conditions of about 350°C and 2 MPa, and to manufacture useful products from the clean materials that are produced by the solvent treatment. Making this new technology available will enable techniques for efficient use of low-grade fossil resources and biomass to be widely adopted throughout the world.

Contributing to lowering global CO2 emission through efficient use of resources
Lignite and rice straw are low-grade materials with only 45% to 70% carbon. Researchers have discovered that a solvent treatment can convert them into upgraded materials that can be used to efficiently manufacture carbon fiber and liquid fuel. If methods of efficiently using peat and other low-grade carbon resources spread throughout Southeast Asian nations as a result, this project will have helped in resolving global energy and environmental issues.

Photo gallery
Thailand produces masses of rice straw, and lignite is obtained by open-pit mining.(1)
Thailand produces masses of rice straw, and lignite is obtained by open-pit mining.(2)

Thailand produces masses of rice straw, and lignite is obtained by open-pit mining.

Carbon fiber manufactured from rice straw

Carbon fiber manufactured from rice straw

Participants at a kick-off meeting in Bangkok

Participants at a kick-off meeting in Bangkok

Research Project Web site https://sites.google.com/a/kura.kyoto-u.ac.jp/jtsatreps/
Press Release
Reports
Links

Projects Map | Projects