[Innovative reactions] Year Started : 2018

Mahito Atobe

Development of Innovative Reaction Processes Based on Electrolysis Technology with Solid Polymer Electrolyte

Grant No.:JPMJCR18R1
Research Director
Mahito Atobe

Professor
Graduate School of Engineering
Yokohama National University

Collaborator
Seiji Suga Professor
Graduate School of Environmental, Life, Natural Science and Technology
Okayama University
Aiichiro Nagaki Professor
Faculty of Science
Hokkaido University
Shigenori Mitsushima Professor
Graduate School of Engineering
Yokohama National University
Ichiro Yamanaka Professor
School of Materials and Chemical Technology
Tokyo Institute of Technology
Outline

In order to reduce the energy required to produce fundamental chemical products, this research aims to construct highly efficient and innovative reaction/synthesis processes by proactive application of technology to the elements and device technologies from the field of solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell. The reseach also aims to apply this innovative reaction technology to on-site and on-demand production ofchemical products.

Seiji Ogo

Development of Chemical Reactions Using Electron Storage Catalysts

Grant No.:JPMJCR18R2
Research Director
Seiji Ogo

Professor
Graduate School of Engineering
Kyushu University

Collaborator
Kenji Kaneko Professor
Graduate School of Engineering
Kyushu University
Takashi Hibino Professor
Graduate School of Environmental Studies
Nagoya University
Outline

Aldehydes are important industrial chemicals because they can be transformed into a wide variety of other chemicals. Currently, however, aldehydes are synthesized on an industrial scale by using toxic carbon monoxide and large amounts of energy. To solve these problems, this new project will use catalysts, which can store electrons. This means that aldehydes can be synthesized from electrons and carbon dioxide. The technology can be extended to the production of other important industrial chemicals such as acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide.

Tomoki Ogoshi

New Material Series “Three-dimensional Carbon Frameworks” for Innovative Catalysis

Grant No.:JPMJCR18R3
Research Director
Tomoki Ogoshi

Professor
Graduate School of Engineering
Kyoto University

Collaborator
Kazuhide Kamiya Associate Professor
Graduate School of Engineering Science
Osaka University
Ryota Sakamoto Professor
Graduate School of Science
Tohoku University
Yuta Nishina Professor
Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science
Okayama University
Hirotomo Nishihara Professor
Advanced Institute for Materials Research
Tohoku University
Outline

We aim to develop a new material series of “three-dimensional carbon frameworks” that have ordered carbon structures at the molecular scale. The titled materials are synthesized by carbonization of organic crystals designed to retain their ordered structures as well as catalytic activities. They have molecularly defined frameworks together with the advantages of carbon materials such as electric conductivity and thermal/chemical stability, thus are applied to high-performance electrocatalysts.

Eiji Shirakawa

Innovative Electron Catalysis Explored by Control of Anion Radicals

Grant No.:JPMJCR18R4
Research Director
Eiji Shirakawa

Professor
School of Biological and Environmental Science
Kwansei Gakuin University

Collaborator
Takashi Koike Associate Professor
Faculty of Fundamental Engineering
Nippon Institute of Technology
Outline

Electron-Catalyzed reactions, which employ an electron as a catalyst instead of a conventional transition metal, have high potential for synthesis of useful organic compounds with saving resources and energy. However, generation of anion radical species, key intermediates for this process, requires high thermal energy, where the scope of the substrate has been limited. In this study, we will establish principle “electron catalysis” to develop diverse reactions, by actively controlling an electron catalyst with light and/or electricity with theoretical support by observation and analysis of the anion radical species.

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