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Appendix 1

Japan-Israel Collaborative Research Projects

Project Title Japanese Researcher Position and Institution Abstract of Research Project
Israeli Researcher
1 Rumor and Disinformation Spreading in Cyber-social Networks – universality, Detection and Prevention Misako TAKAYASU Associate Professor, Department of Computational Intelligence and Systems Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology Our aim of study is to establish scientific ground for simulation of rumor diffusion in multi-layered cyber-social networks, and to develop scientific algorithms for early detection and countermeasures for malignant rumors that might lead to social disasters. The Japanese team will analyze multi-layered cyber-social big-data related to rumors, such as news, blogs, stock markets, business firms, transaction networks, etc., and observe and try to understand how rumors diffuse in multi-layer social networks. The Israeli team will construct models and numerical simulations of rumor spreading in multi-layered networks. By this collaboration we will open the door for the new field of science, “rumor and disinformation spreading in cyber-social multi-layer networks”, which is a big challenge of scientific management of human social activities using ICT for resilient society. These scientific ideas are expected to trigger new technological and industrial applications.
Shlomo HAVLIN Professor, Department of Physics, Bar-Ilan University
2 Integration of Behavioral Transportation Models in a Disaster Management System Eiji HATO Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Tokyo In our studies we jointly aim to develop multiscale simulation to predict traffic conditions on the devastated transportation networks. Especially we will develop probabilistic decision making models that will be described whether or not and when to evacuate from the affected area with interactions of groups of travelers – members of the same household, relatives, neighbors in Japan. We focus on the models that explain individual driver behavior, which will be applied in the microscopic traffic simulation in Israel. Finally, we try to construct the network state estimation methods using ICT monitoring system based on data assimilation as micro simulation systems. Through our cooperative research, we hope to develop specialized simulator systems for disaster management.
Shlomo BEKHOR Professor, Transportation Research Institute, Israel Institute of Technology
3 Increasing Urban Resilience to Large Scale Disasters: The Development of a Dynamic Integrated Model for DIsaster Management and Socio-Economic Analysis (DIM2SEA) Erick MAS Assistant Professor, International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS), Tohoku University The purpose of this study is to build a simulation platform for effectively deploying large-scale disaster assessment, response plans and mitigation measures. The Japanese side, by using simulation and remote sensing techniques is in charge of performing a short-term damage assessment, while the Israel side, together with the simulation group from the Japanese side, develops the damage observation and agent simulation of detailed land use models integrated on GIS. Through the Japan and Israel efforts, an integrated disaster management tool is built on a spatial and temporal level of detail not present so far and that can be shared in both countries. In recent years it is rapidly expected to take advantage of social big data and effectively protect lives in the field of disaster through the use of the data.
Daniel FELSENSTEIN Professor, Center for Computational Geography, Hebrew University

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