Organic electronics use organic compounds as the semiconductor instead of inorganics such as silicon. Thin films of organics are flexible, light, and low-cost and can convert electricity to light, generate power from heat and light, function as sensors, act as electrical switches, and much more. Other attractive features of organics include the potential for low-temperature processing, large-area fabrication, and even bio-compatibility. Furthermore, organic synthesis allows for the creation of an unlimited number of molecular structures. By tuning molecular and device structures, new functions and applications can be achieved through organic electronics.
Currently, organic electronics have reached commercialization as light-emitters in displays. However, organic electronics will find new and expanding roles in our lives through the understanding and control of excitonic processes. By controlling exciton lifetime, state, recombination, fission, and other mechanisms, advances in displays and lighting, portable power generation from light and heat, and bio-compatible devices are all achievable. Exploiting these processes is furthermore expected to enable new, unexplored applications.