Enabling Technology Project

E6 Highly Efficient Production Process for Biomass-Based Chemicals and Polymers

Outline of the area

Yoshiharu Doi President, Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute
Yoshiharu Doi
Professor Emeritus,
Tokyo Institute of Technology

To develop a new catalyst and a reacting process for effectively producing biomass-based chemicals and polymer materials from a carbon-neutral resource is an important science and technology issue for establishing a low carbon society. Actually, its research and development is aggressively promoted in various countries in this context. For practical use, there are various issues such as cost reduction of the biomass product, improvement of performance, reduction of the environmental load, and the like, in order to compete with the current petrochemical industry. Especially, it is strongly requested to create a well-designed energy-saved producing process with cost advantage and chemicals and polymer materials with high added-value.
In the present project, we aim at developing game-changing biomass conversion technologies such as highly added-value biomass-based chemicals, high-performance biomass-based polymer, high-efficiency and rapid synthesis catalysts and enzymes, and an environment-conscious process for target products.
On the basis of biomass-related technology which has previously accumulated in the ALCA contributes to the formation of a low carbon society, by stepping up the technology for practical use, and by developing innovative high-efficacy biomass converting process, while cooperating with other projects.


Generation of Super-Engineering Plastics Using Microbial Biomass

Tatsuo Kaneko
Professor, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

A fermentation system of microorganism, which produces 4-aminocinnamic acids having the ideal structure as materials of super engineering plastics in large amounts, is established and the super engineering bioplastics which are compatible with the metal substituting materials are developed. Further, a method of recycling with biodegradation for stocking carbon as carbon dioxide in the material system over the long term is developed, and creation of new concept of “carbon minus material”, which is a game changer for carbon neutral, is conducted.

Generation of super-engineering plastics using microbial biomass

Development of Multifunctional Heterogeneous Catalysts

Michikazu Hara
Professor, MSL, Tokyo Institute of Technology

Based on cellulose-containing biomass, we are aiming at producing furan-based monomers such as 2,5-furan dicarboxylic acid (FDCA) and 2,5-bis (aminomethyl) furan (AMF) and the like through 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furaldehyde (HMF). By solving this science and technology problem, we can sustainably achieve engineering plastics and high added-value polymers without using fossil resources and the CO2 emission.

Development of multifunctional heterogeneous catalysts

Development of Isolating and Manufacturing Technology of Single-Cyclic Aromatics from Natural Polycyclic Aromatics

Takao Masuda
Professor, Hokkaido University

By separating cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin constituting woody based and grass plant based biomasses and by developing technology converting each component centered on lignin into useful chemical substances, it can lead to the development of a system for creating all resources of biomasses.

Development of isolating and manufacturing technology of single-cyclic aromatics from natural polycyclic aromatics

Depolymerization of Lignocellulose Catalyzed by Activated Carbons

Atsushi Fukuoka
Professor, ICAT, Hokkaido University

We will develop new processes for the production of chemicals by depolymerization of lignocellulosic biomass catalyzed by activated carbons, which contribute to CO2 emissions reduction in our society. Inexpensive carbon materials are used as catalysts and we aim for the synthesis of valuable pentoses and hexoses from cellulose and hemicellulose in real biomass. Lignocellulose will be totally used by converting lignin into catalyst or fuel. We will also study the structure-activity relationship in catalysis and utilize it in the design of new catalysts.

Depolymerization of Lignocellulose Catalyzed by Activated Carbons