Four projects of the policies implemented by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology include the “Funds for integrated promotion of social system reform and research and development,” which is aimed at implementing social-system reform through the collaboration of the ministries concerned; the “Creation of Innovation Centers for Advanced Interdisciplinary Research Areas Program,” which is aimed at providing bases and other resources for the industry-academic collaboration covering areas from basic research to commercialization of technology; the “Human Resource Development Program for Science and Technology,” which is aimed at reforming systems involved in the fostering of scientific and technical personnel; and the “Program for Enhancing Common Infrastructure of Science and Technology,” which is aimed at promoting common research development infrastructure of science and technology. These programs are required to be responsibly promoted by the national government based on the Science and Technology Basic Plan and other governmental decisions. In achieving the objectives of the programs, it is important that universities and other academic institutions should efficiently and effectively promote the projects selected by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology through a public-appeal process in order to maximize the best achievable results. The Japan Science and Technology Agency will, on a commission basis from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, provide investigation services including examination and analysis, sorting out of structural problems, and possible improvements in the administration through the public appeal/screening of projects or other duties in regards to promotion, evaluation, etc. of the selected projects.