Community-Based Actions against Global Warming and Environmental Degradation (2008-2013)

PUBLIC NEEDS

Area Director:
Masayuki HORIO
Professor Emeritus,
Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
/Professor, Ryukoku University

Human activities have now reached the near critical level at which they cannot maintain sustainability and coexistence with the environment further. Numerous problems have been accumulated so far, butone of the most important is the crisis of global warming and large-scale climate changes.

However, efforts to combat global warming have tended to emphasize monitoring, analysis and the development of to-be-green technologies. There has been little emphasis on reconsidering all the styles of the modern society that has been developed counting on continuous and fertile petroleum supply. It is necessary to develop new socio-technological system in which appropriate green technologies can find their positions associated with the life style innovation by people.

In this Focus Area we consider global warming measures not merely in terms of the development and introduction of new technologies but in terms of the social actions to cope with depopulation in the country and mountaneous side, employment crisis after the financial crush of year 2008, damage on local economy by fuel price hike, and so on, through developments of new lifestyle, peoples collaboration network, legislation, government rules and taxation systems for green innovation and decentralization, that can replace the too much fussil-fuel dependent systems developed during the modernization since the Industrial Revolution, particularly during the last 50 to 60 years. Solutions for these problems are designed and investigated from an on-the-ground perspective as well as from the standpoint of "appropriate technology," creating energy self-sufficient communities and nurturing players who will make such societies real.

Up to now, the issue of coexistence between human beings and nature has been viewed only in the context of preservation and restoration. Evaluations should also include the perspective of maintaining and expanding the carbon storage functions of well-cared-for forests and wetlands, and social carbon stocks through lumber use. Attention should also be paid to the potential effect that population transfer from the urbanized area to the country side based on the effort to make depopulated areas into desirable places for people to live with renewable energies and self sufficient food supply can have on resolving the problem of global warming. This R&D has the potential to show us how to move away from the petroleum-dominated modernization of the past.

GOALS:

  1. Research into ways to eliminate global warming and achieve coexistence with the environment is framed in terms of activities to achieve sustainable social systems, based on new concepts that are both comprehensive and laterally integrated. Efforts to scientifically verify the results will be conducted in regional frontline areas. An effort will be made to generalize and systematize research achievements to enable them to be used effectively both at home and abroad.
  2. To promote active local communities through redefining the issue in terms of actions against global warming and those for environmental coexistence, existing activities, policies, administrative systems, programs and so on are being organized and analyzed and endogeneous and trans-disciplinary plans, techniques for identifying, evaluating and desseminating new values of local communities are developed.

Matters for consideration in order to achieve objectives

  • Identification of problems from trans-disciplinary, comprehensive, endogeneous and productive view points to turn local communities into complex sustainable systems
  • Appropriate cooperation among researchers of humanities and natural science, industry, government, academia and the general public
  • Formulation and implementation of a methodology for nurturing the people who will bear the construction of sustainable and autonomous local communities
  • Development of diverse venues in which local residents and stakeholders can share a vision of the community's future

R&D Program: Community-Based Actions against Global Warming and Environmental Degradation(FY2008-2013)

  1. To fund and support R&D projects (of 3-5yrs. in duration) that are designed to pursue Goal[1]and/or Goal[2]

R&D Research Projects

Project NameCategoryLengthProject DirectorAffiliation
FY2010 Sustainable Rural Development: Green Transportation for Mountainous Villages 3 yrs. Toshio OBINATA The Chief Director of NPO Mammettee KINASA
The Feasibility Study of the Eco-service Business Model that Settled in the Area that Cooperated with an Urban Region 2 yrs. Hideo KAMEYAMA Professor, Graduate School of Technology Management, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Model Study toward Local Carbon Society in Exisiting Urban Districts of Environment Model City 3 yrs. Harumichi YUASA Professor,Kyushu International University
Development of Social Structure Promoting I/U-turn and Nuturing New Industries All Those Involved 3 yrs. Yukihiro SHIMATANI Professor, Department of Urban and Environmental Engineering
Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University
Style B: Social Life in Circulation of Local Resources 3 yrs. Hiroyuki TANOUCHI Industrial, Academic and Governmental Collaboration Coordinator Shikoku Center, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute
Formation of Regional System for Local Public Human Resources Development and Renewable Energy Use 3 yrs. Kiichiro TOMINO Professor,Local Policy Studies Faculty of Law,Ryukoku University
Formation of Low-carbon Bunkyo City by Inducing Voluntary Actions 3 yrs. Keisuke HANAKI Professor, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo
FY2009 Study on Integrated Policy to Promote Local Renewable Energy & Its Financial Scheme for Realization by Strategic Alliance with Metropolitan Government and Rural Area Government 3 yrs. Tetsunari IIDA Executive Director,Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies
From Forests to Houses:Co-realization of Carbon Abatement and Comfortable Life to 2050 4 yrs. Yutaka TONOOKA Professor, Faculty of Economics Department of Social Environmental Design, Saitama University
FY2008 Development of the Method of Evidence-based Analysis for Regional Sustainability in Economy and Environment (DEMARS) 3.5 yrs. Masahiro KURODA President, Community Service and Science, Tohoku University
Development of Techniques and Theories for the Integrated Restoration and Revitalization of Local Commons 5 yrs. Toshio KUWAKO Professor, Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Proposing a Scenario and Road Map to Realize a Nature Friendly Society Model for the Sustainable Shiga 3.5 yrs. Masaaki NAITO Director, Lake Biwa Environmental Research Institute
To Establish Regional Community System that Exits from Inducing Global Warming through Introducing Micro Hydro Power 5 yrs. Hiroo KOMAMIYA Chairman of the NPO: Regional Renaissance Agency
Construction of the Town of Kiryu for the Future with Anti-Global-Warming through the Regional Power 5 yrs. Takayuki TAKARADA Professor, Graduate School of Engineering, Gunma University
Creating a Low-carbon Production, Retail & Shopping System for Nagoya 5 yrs. Satoshi CHIKAMI Professor, Faculty of International Welfare Development, Nihon Fukushi University
"Sato-model" Escaping from Global Warming in Mountainous Region - A Challenge of a Small Village to Share Nature-based Community among a Wide-range of People 5 yrs. Ko FUJIYAMA Region Research Group Chief, Shimane Prefecture Mountainous Region Research Center
Distributed Local Energy System for Realization of Sustainable Society in Rural Areas in Tohoku Region, Japan 1.5 yrs. Kazuo MOROZUMI Professor, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University

R&D Project Categories

  • Categories Ⅰ: Project that conducts survey and research necessary to solve the above-mentioned problems and provides options as well as policy recommendations
  • Categories Ⅱ: Project that aims to develop and demonstrate technologies (systems) and techniques necessary to solve the above-mentioned problems using the PDCA cycle for self-assessment, at least once during the research period