Brain-Science and Society (2001-2009)

PUBLIC NEEDS for this R&D area:

Area Director:
Hideaki KOIZUMI
Fellow, Hitachi, Ltd.

Social problems to be solved:

  • Lack of methods to assess changes in sociability(*1) and its precursors(*2) among children and adults in relation to the development of brain
  • Lack of data and an understanding of children's physical, psychological and linguistic development and the relationships with various environmental factors(*3)

An examination of the entire learning process from the prenatal period to the end of life through cohort studies(*4) is needed.

  • (*1) An ability to understand and interact well with others, including social skills
  • (*2) Elements in social change that effect sociability in human development
  • (*3) I.e., the development of an advanced information society and a declining birthrate
  • (*4) A form of study which tracks the same people over a long period of time, used in medicine and social science to look into the relationship between a group of people (i.e., in a defined area or with a common identity) and various elements of their lives (i.e., health, customary behaviors and environments)

GOALS:

  1. To contribute to the cultivation of better learning methods, education systems and social infrastructures through integrated research of brain-science and various other academic fields as well as practical hand-on knowledge(*5)
  2. To examine the development process in children's sociability, to propose a hypothesis for the development patterns present therein, and to identify determinant factors in social and physical environments through cohort studies
  • (*5) Social and natural sciences (i.e., developmental psychology and linguistics) and clinical practice and field experience

R&D Program: Brain-Science and Education (FY2001-2009)

R&D Project: Identification of Factors Affecting Cognitive and Behavioral Development of Children(*6) in Japan Based on a Cohort Study; Japan Children's Study (FY2004-2008)

  • To conduct research in pursuit of Goal 2 through cooperation and collaboration among a number of teams with full-time and part-time researchers within and outside of RISTEX under the leadership and management of the Project Director
Project Director:
Zentaro YAMAGATA
Professor, Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi

* Research methods used in this R&D area are based on behavioral observations and are non-invasive to the brain functions of subjects

  • (*6) In this project, children of ages 0 to 3 and 5 to 8 were chosen as subjects