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Belmont Forum 2014 CRA (Collaborative Research Action)
“Arctic Observing and Research for Sustainability” list of funded projects


Project Title Overseas Research Teams Research Project Abstract
Japanese Research Team
Resilience and adaptive capacity of arctic marine systems under a changing climate
Franz Mueter(co-PI) (USA) University of Alaska Fairbanks, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, Associate Professor of Fisheries George Hunt (USA) University of Washington, School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, Research Professor Henry Huntington (USA) Huntington Consulting Mike Sigler (USA) Ted Stevens Marine Research Institute, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, NOAA Marine Biologist Alan Haynie (USA) Resource Ecology and Fisheries Management Division, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, NOAA, Economist Kenneth Drinkwater(co-PI) (Norway) Institute of Marine Research Senior Research Scientist Alf Håkon Hoel (Norway) Institute of Marine Research, Tromsø Branch, Regional Director Randi Ingvaklsen (Norway) Institute of Marine Research Senior Research Scientist Melissa Chierici (Norway) Institute of Marine Research and Professor at the University Centre in Svalbard, Senior Research Scientist Benjamin Planque (Norway) Institute of Marine Research, Tromsø Senior scientist Jan Erik Stianser (Norway) Institute of Marine Research Oceanography and Climate Group, Leader Arne Eide (Norway) University of Tromsø, Norwegian College of Fishery Science, Professor This collaborative research project aims to synthesize new information and to improve our understanding of the changing climate and the likely responses of marine ecosystems of the Arctic and sub-Arctic Seas. The study will use a comparative approach involving the North Pacific, Arctic and North Atlantic oceans. In each of these regions, it will examine the similarities and differences in the responses of marine ecosystems to climate variability. Thus, this will be an international, Pan-Arctic (the Arctic Ocean and adjacent subarctic seas) program. The project is led by three co-chairs, one each from Japan, USA, and Norway, and is closely associated with the Ecosystem Studies of Sub-Arctic Seas (ESSAS) program, a regional program under the IGBP project IMBER (Integrating Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research). Most of the Principal Investigators who will lead individual projects in this new Belmont Forum project are members of the Science Steering Committee of ESSAS. Our project will organize a series of three international workshops to synthesize scientific findings focusing on changing climate and the responses of marine ecosystems. To this end, we will compare and contrast responses of marine ecosystems between the sub-Arctic portions of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and between the sub-Arctic and Arctic seas.
In these workshops, we will bring together natural and social scientists, with stakeholders from the fishing industry, regional management bodies, governments and coastal communities to assess whether the biological, management and socio-economic systems have the resilience and adaptive capacity to cope with anticipated changes. Furthermore, we will define optimized monitoring indices and areas and discuss future plans for monitoring and research in the Pan-Arctic oceans.
Sei-Ichi Saitoh (Lead PI) Hokkaido University, Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Professor Naomi Harada Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Research and Development (R&D) Center for Global Change, Deputy Director Takashi Kikuchi Japan Agency for Marine Earth-Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Arctic Ocean and Climate System Research Group, Group Leader Toru Hirawake Hokkaido University, Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Associate professor Yutaka Watanuki Hokkaido University, Faculty of Fisheries Sciences Professor Mitsutaku Makino Fisheries Research Agency, National Research Institute of Fisheries Science Group Head Hiroki Takakura Tohoku University, Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Professor


Project Title Overseas Research Teams Research Project Abstract
Japanese Research Team
C budget of ecosystems and cities and villages on permafrost in eastern Russian Arctic
Mikhail Prisyazhny (co-PI) (Russia) North-Eastern Federal University Vice Rrector for Natural and Mathematical Development, Associate professor Tuyara Gavrilyeva (Russia) North-Eastern Federal University Institute of Engineering & Technology Research, Professor Trofim Maximov (Russia) Institute for Biological Problems of Cryolithozone, SBRAS, Head of laboratory /
North-Eastern Federal University, BEST center, Director Professor
Kenji Yoshikawa(co-PI) (USA) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Water and Environmental Research Center, Professor
This project aims for collaboration of natural and social scientists by estimations of carbon budget of ecosystem and CO2 emission from cities and villages on permafrost in east Russian Arctic. Obtained scientific data is converted to useful data and shown for stake holders with an information on expected changes in natural and social systems, and we will paves a way for collaboration of scientists with society and policy makers to show the useful information to select future options for better lives of local people. Carbon budget estimation will be made by Japan-Russia collaboration, and statistical analysis and field survey for cities and villages will be conducted by Russian team with cooperation of Japanese team. Observation of permafrost which has a great impact on carbon budget and human life will be conducted by USA team with Russian and Japanese teams. Carbon budget or emission and its controlling factors will be obtained by collaboration between natural and social scientists, and knowledge will be shared with local people and local government through meetings and/or co-productive observation with school children. Results of our projects will be disseminated in society and reflected in policy by members of Russian team through the activities of various committees in municipal, district and/or republic levels.
Atsuko Sugimoto(Lead PI) Hokkaido University, Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Professor Shinichiro Tabata Hokkaido University, Slavic-Eurasian Research Center, Director, Professor Rikie Suzuki Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Department of Environmental Geochemical Cycle Research, Director Takeshi Ohta Nagoya University, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Professor

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