We will study basic approaches towards devising strategies and measures to mitigate global warming, based on comprehensive scenarios for realizing a low carbon society and developments in comprehensive strategies for technology research and dissemination. In particular, we will aim at reducing agricultural loss due to plant disease and the use of abandoned or idle agricultural land to test low carbon technologies and develop scenarios. A component technology would be plant pathology and the promotion of applied research in diagnosing and preventing plant disease.
We will aim to reduce agricultural loss due to plant disease, test low carbon technologies and develop scenarios using abandoned or idle agricultural land. A component technology would be plant pathology and the promotion of applied research in diagnosing and preventing plant disease. 30% of world agricultural production is lost to plant disease. In other words, most of the CO2 emissions resulting from the production of agricultural chemicals and fertilizers are wasted because of plant disease. With the expected population explosion, we can no longer afford to allow such agricultural loss. We need to urgently promote low carbon agriculture to mitigate global warming.
We aim to achieve two objectives. One is to realize low carbon agriculture by reducing agricultural loss due to plant disease. The other objective is to realize carbon capture and storage in the soil, reduce use of fertilizers and agricultural chemicals and strengthen tolerance to plant disease by cultivating plants that have a high ability to store carbon dioxide. Specifically, this will involve cross-sectional reference of various academic fields related to plant health, using plant pathology as a component technology to promote applied research into the diagnosis and prevention of plant disease. Based on these results, we will propose social experiments and develop scenarios to promote concrete measures towards our objectives. In western countries, plant hospitals and doctors are already playing a major role in reducing plant disease. We intend to design a similar system suitable for Japan's agricultural industry and conduct simulations and social experiments to eventually promote the system on a nationwide basis.
Through such efforts, we aim to promote the realization of low carbon agriculture and establish the storage of carbon in abandoned agricultural land as an effective global warming countermeasure. This is also expected to help prevent the increase in abandoned agricultural land, which has come to symbolize the decline of Japanese agriculture, and to create new jobs in the agricultural sector.