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ICORP International Cooperative Research Project  JSTStrategic Basic Research Programs/ICORP Type
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The Outline of ICORP
The Outline of ICORP
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The Outline of ICORP  International Cooperative Research Project
Toward the Realization of a Nation built on the Creativity of Science and Technology
Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) made a fresh start on October 1, 2003 as the core organization for implementing the Science and Technology Basic Plan adopted by the Japanese Government.
JST conducts a broad range of activities in line with the objectives of the Science and Technology Basic Plan, such as the creation of advanced technology, the promotion of new business using advanced technology, the dissemination of scientific and technological information, researchers' exchange and research support, and the promotion of public understanding of science and technology. JST aims at making substantial contribution to the overall advancement of science and technology in Japan and to the realization of a nation built on the creativity of science and technology.
Research Contributing to the Creation of Advanced Technology
Strategic Basic Research Programs (ICORP TYPE) / International Cooperative Research Project (ICORP)
ICORP had been inaugurated in 1989 to redress the imbalance of basic research promotion level and the imbalance of researchers' exchange between Japan and foreign countries (the United States of America, in particular) prevalent around that year. To meet the growing demand of a new era for the strategic promotion of basic research that was specified in the Second Science and Technology Basic Plan and designated by the Comprehensive Science and Technology Council (the advisory body to the government), ICORP was dissolved for the sake of evolution and made a fresh start in 2002 as the Strategic Basic Research Programs (ICORP TYPE) to support basic research toward accomplishment of the national strategic goals.
In the ICORP program, 29 projects were launched with overseas research institutes (in total 14 countries) and 27projects were completed. 2 projects are being carried out.
To Create the New Trend Science and Technology in the World
In ICORP, JST selects a Japanese researcher who produced excellent research results in his or her past career as a research director to lead the project and gives the research director extensive discretionary powers in terms of project management and personnel appointment. Joint research in ICORP is to be advanced by making best use of the respective research strength of Japanese research team and of the foreign counterpart research team in a complementary manner.
The exchange of research and researchers is to be actively promoted through the establishment of friendly international cooperative relationship at the institution level.
The findings and knowledge acquired from the cooperative research are to be disseminated widely to the world so that the research can be acknowledged as one of the most advanced research for creating the new trend of science and technology in the world.

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The Gist of ICORP
Research Period 5 years
Fund
i) Research expenses for respective research of Japan and a foreign country should be  secured independently from each other.
ii)   Budgetary scale for Japanese research is 400~800 million yen per project for the entire period (inclusive of personnel expenses,administration fees,rental fees of laboratory,etc.).
Researchers Both research directors in Japan and in a foreign country play leading roles in carrying out the project. Research teams are formed in both countries consisting of researchers from industry, academia and government.
i) Research Directors:One from each country
ii)   Researchers:10~20 in total as a project (both countries' teams inclusive)
Research Sites Universities, research parks and rented space from private research institutes.
Research Results
i) The research results are in principle made public.
ii)   The Intellectual Property Rights jointly acquired are in principle shared in accordance  with the contribution to the invention of each party.
Strategic Sectors The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology selects strategic sectors that have strong social impacts based on four prioritized research areas specified in the Second Science and Technology Basic Plan (Telecommunication/IT, Environment/Energy, Biotechnology, and Nanotechnology/Materials).
Research Areas JST selects research areas (research projects) on the basis of the strategic sectors.

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Set-up of International Cooperative Research Project
Set-up of International Cooperative Research Project

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Set-Up of ICORP (Japanese side)
 JST (Headquarters)
JST supports the overall management of ICORP projects. JST selects research areas (research projects) and research directors, and arranges the signing of the research agreement between JST and overseas research institutes. In addition, JST performs various supports for ICORP projects, such as preparation and allocation of necessary budget for the execution of each project,coordination between ICORP projects, arrangement of midterm and post evaluations of a project, and patent applications of research results.
 Research Director
A research director supervises the entire operation of a project. The research director is responsible for compiling his/her five-year research plan and supervising the progress of the research as well as for selecting adequate research members and allocating the research expenses.
 Researchers
On the basis of the research plan drawn up by the research director, researchers of different disciplinary areas and various home organizations participate in the project not only from Japan but also from abroad.
In the interdisciplinary environment where diverse ideas and multiple cultures can interact, researchers are expected to refine their research skills and to be brought up to internationally active researchers.
 Administrative Manager
An administrative manager supports the research director by performing accounting work necessary for the operation of the project and by serving as a liaison among JST, the research director, and researchers for harmonious communication and coordination. A project office is established for each project where the administrative manager and clerical staff work on the full-time basis. They serve as the contact point for outside organizations and researchers seeking access to the project.
* In the case of JST's direct operation (If a project is operated by any other research institution on behalf of JST, there is no project office or administrative manager.)

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