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Environment/Energy (Low carbon society/energy)

Producing Biomass Energy and Material through Revegetation of Alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica) Fields Use advanced technology to turn tropical grassy wasteland into a sustainable biomass treasure trove in harmony with environmental restoration!

Principal Investigator (Affiliation)
  • SDGs15
  • SDGs7
  • SDGs17
Prof.
UMEZAWA Toshiaki
(Resarch Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University)
Research Institutions in Japan Kyoto University / Kazusa DNA Research Institute
Research Institutions in Indonesia Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) Center for Plant Conservation Botanic Gardens (Bogor), etc.(Research Center for Biology, Research Center for Biotechnology, Research Center for Biomaterial, Center for Innovation, FORDA, ICABIOGRAD)
Adoption fiscal year FY 2015
Research Period 5 Years
ODA Recipient Country Republic of Indonesia
General Description of the Research Project

A comprehensive approach spanning restoration of soil to the development of applications for biomass products
Grassland that has emerged in the space left by felled tropical natural forest has been difficult to convert to agricultural or forest land. To address this problem, we aim to comprehensively identify the microorganisms present in the soil environment using the latest genome technology, and to conduct an efficient fertilization process to convert the soil into productive agricultural land and restore/maintain biodiversity. Simultaneously, we aim to develop largesized Poaceae (grass) species with a high lignin content—whose biomass output volume is several times that of tree species—and from these develop and practicalize low environmental impact wood-based material and fuel pellets.

Contribution to environmental preservation and economic development by converting unusable land into sustainable biomass production sites.
We believe that the revegetation and sustainable utilization of grass wasteland in Indonesia will serve as a globally deployable model for converting land devastated by the felling of natural forest into biomass resource/energy production sites, thus preserving the environment. This project also has the potential to bring regional economic development and mutual benefit to both resource-producing and resource-importing nations based on fair and equitable allocation and use of resources.

Photo gallery
Sorghum plantations

Sorghum plantations

Sorghum pellet

Sorghum pellet

Studying grassy wasteland

Studying grassy wasteland

Research Project Web site Kyoto University
Press Release -
Reports -
Links Kazusa DNA Research Institute
http://www.npk.kais.kyoto-u.ac.jp/english/index.html
http://www.rish.kyoto-u.ac.jp/lsm/index-english.html

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