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The Project for the Development of Wheat Breeding Materials for Sustainable Food Production in Afghanistan "Sow Seeds of Hope" to Grow Afghan Wheat, a Symbol of Recovery

Principal Investigator (Affiliation)
  • SDGs2
  • SDGs17
Prof.
BAN Tomohiro
(Kihara Institute for Biological Research, Yokohama City University)
Research Institutions in Japan Yokohama City University / RIKEN / Tottori University
Research Institutions in Afghanistan Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL), etc.
Adoption fiscal year FY 2010
Research Period 5 Years
ODA Recipient Country Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
General Description of the Research Project

Development of new wheat varieties and breeding materials deploying novel genes conferring resistance to drought and disease from Afghan local germplasms
Afghanistan is still suffering the effects of long years of war, and communities do not yet feel secure. Wheat is the raw material for the naan bread that is their staple food, and wheat is a key crop for the farmers who make up the majority of the country’s population. The Japanese research institute had preserved some of the rich diversity of wheat from Afghanistan, allowing those varieties to be cultivated once more. In combination with research at the gene level made possible by science and technology from Japan, breeding materials can be developed for varieties of wheat adapted to the Afghan environment. In conjunction with capacity development of wheat researchers, those varieties will contribute to building foundations for sustainable food production.

Afghan wheat can save Afghanistan
Research into local Afghan wheat germplasms that can no longer be found in their original country because of the effects of war reveals potentially beneficial varieties. They can be used in the development of new varieties, and they can also contribute immediately to enhancing wheat production and making production more reliable for farmers, the vast majority of whom do not yet benefit from irrigation and similar facilities. Afghan researchers trained as part of the project are working on this topic.

Photo gallery
Accessions of the Afghan wheat landraces growing in their homeland for the first time in half a century in Badam Bagh experiment field, Kabul

Accessions of the Afghan wheat landraces growing in their homeland for the first time in half a century in Badam Bagh experiment field, Kabul

Harvesting a local variety of wheat in Afghanistan

Harvesting a local variety of wheat in Afghanistan

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Research Project Web site
Press Release
Reports
Links PDFJICA's World January 2014
SATREPS Project Case Study

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