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Bioresources

Principal Investigator (Affiliation)
  • SDGs7
  • SDGs13
  • SDGs17
Emeritus Researcher/Invited Senior Researcher, Dr.
YOSHIMURA Yuji
(Department of Energy and Environment, Research Institute of Energy Frontier, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST))
Research Institutions in Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) / Waseda University
Research Institutions in Thailand National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) / Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (TISTR) / King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB)
Adoption fiscal year FY 2009
Research Period 5 Years
ODA Recipient Country Kingdom of Thailand
General Description of the Research Project

Using Non-food biomass as a biofuel feedstock that does not compete with food crops
The utilization of biofuels in the transportation sector could help to mitigate global warming, but because of the risk that production of biofuels derived from grains or vegetable oil will compete with food crops, there is a demand for manufacturing technologies that exploit nonfood sources of biofuel. For this project we are cooperating with Thailand, which is the Asian automotive production hub, to develop the production technologies of fuels from non-food biomass (Jatropha as a major feedstock), an inedible plant. We are also conducting engine tests and developing the automotive utilization technologies, as well as estimating CO2 emission reduction benefits through life cycle assessments.

Demonstrating automobile compatibility of high quality biodiesel through on-road tests
We performed on-road testing in Thailand (total 50,000 km) using biodiesel manufactured from Jatropha oil that is compliant with East Asia Summit biodiesel quality recommendations, mixed into mineral diesel at a 10 vol% inclusion rate (B10). The tests successfully demonstrated the automobile compatibility of the high quality biodiesel ("H-FAME") manufactured by the project.

Photo gallery
Pilot plant set up within TISTR to manufacture high quality biodiesel (1 ton/day)

Pilot plant set up within TISTR to manufacture high quality biodiesel (1 ton/day)

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Jatropha tree

Jatropha tree

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